ISE 2015 Abstracts


Full Papers
Paper Nr: 2
Title:

Towards Common Information Sharing - Study of Integration Readiness Levels

Authors:

Rauno Pirinen

Abstract: This study focuses on integration readiness level (IRL) metrics and their definition, criteria, references and questionnaires for the operational and pre-operational validation of shared information services and systems. The study attempts to answer the following research question: how can IRL metrics be understood and realized in the domain of shared information services and systems? It aims to improve ways of the acceptance, operational validation, pre-order validation, risk assessment and development of sharing mechanisms as well as the integration of information systems and services by public authorities across national borders.

Paper Nr: 3
Title:

Integration of the Finnish National Tax Administration Systems with EU Recapitulative Statement Data

Authors:

Raita Melasniemi and Rauno Pirinen

Abstract: This study examined the European Union recapitulative statement data integration with the Finnish national tax domain. The main challenges identified in realizing international integration were communication, cooperation and distribution of information. In particular, the development of integration faced ontological challenges in terms of specifications and final definition. The results highlight the process model and mechanism for design digital system integration in distributed environments across national borders. The study also offers administrative implications.

Paper Nr: 5
Title:

A Semantic Framework to Enrich Collaborative Tables with Domain Knowledge

Authors:

Anna Goy, Diego Magro, Giovanna Petrone, Marco Rovera and Marino Segnan

Abstract: In this paper we present a project aimed at enhancing a collaborative environment for resource management (SemT++) with domain knowledge, represented by a local ontology and a connection to external data, retrieved from Linked Open Data sets. Our approach is based on the assumption that heterogeneous resources can be viewed as "information objects", and can be organized within collaborative spaces (i.e., "round tables"). Information objects, among other properties, are characterized by their content. Annotations representing resource content (e.g., "Torino") can thus be linked to domain knowledge which provides users with useful information. We tested this approach on the geographic domain, by connecting resources to commonsense geographic knowledge and to information available in GeoNames.

Paper Nr: 6
Title:

Information Sharing Performance Management - A Semantic Interoperability Assessment in the Maritime Surveillance Domain

Authors:

Fernando S. Bryton Dias Marques, Jesús E. Martínez Marín and Olga Delgado Ortega

Abstract: Information Sharing (IS) is essential for organizations to obtain information in a cost-effective way. If the existing information is not shared among the organizations that hold it, the alternative is to develop the necessary capabilities to acquire, store, process and manage it, which will lead to duplicated costs, especially unwanted if governmental organizations are concerned. The European Commission has elected IS among public administrations as a priority, has launched several IS initiatives, such as the EUCISE2020 project within the roadmap for developing the maritime Common Information Sharing Environment (CISE), and has defined the levels of interoperability essential for IS, which entail Semantic Interoperability (SI). An open question is how can IS performance be managed? Specifically, how can IS as-is, and to-be states and targets be defined, and how can organizations progress be monitored and controlled? In this paper, we propose 11 indicators for assessing SI that contribute to answering these questions. They have been demonstrated and evaluated with the data collected through a questionnaire, based on the CISE information model proposed during the CoopP project, which was answered by five public authorities that require maritime surveillance information and are committed to share information with each other.

Short Papers
Paper Nr: 1
Title:

Cyber Security and Trust - Tools for Multi-agency Cooperation between Public Authorities

Authors:

Jyri Rajamäki and Juha Knuuttila

Abstract: Functions vital to society, such as public protection and disaster relief (PPDR), are increasingly dependent on networks, electricity and data processing infrastructure. Incidents such as natural hazards and organized crime do not respect national boundaries. As a consequence, there is a need for European collaboration and information sharing related to public safety communications, and information exchange environments, technologies and procedures. This multiple case study analysis collects together research results from four earlier research projects. The main research question is: How can cyber security and trust-building be understood and designed as being tools for multi-agency cooperation between PPDR agencies? The results show that ‘trust’ could be seen as the main issue with regard to multi-agency cooperation. Cyber security should be seen as a key enabler for the development and maintenance of trust in the digital world. It is important to complement the currently dominating ‘cyber security as a barrier’ perspective by emphasizing the role of ‘cyber security as an enabler’ of new interactions and services - and recognizing that trust is a positive driver for growth. Safety and security issues are increasingly dependent on unpredictable cyber risks. Everywhere present computing means that PPDR agencies do not know when they are using dependable devices or services and there are chain reactions of unpredictable risks. If cyber security risks are not made ready, PPDR agencies will face severe disasters over time. Investing in systems that improve confidence and trust can significantly reduce costs and improve the speed of interaction. From this perspective, cyber security should be seen as a key enabler for the development and maintenance of trust in the digital world.

Paper Nr: 4
Title:

Success Factors of Information Sharing in the Field of New Media Art

Authors:

Päivi Meros and Rauno Pirinen

Abstract: This study attempts to answer the following research question: how can digital information systems be understood and improved in the field of new media art from the viewpoint collaboration, networking and impact. This case study describes factors determining the success of information sharing in new media art. In the context of this study, inventions are not always widely shared, unlike innovations, because new media art companies are typically small or run by private entrepreneurs. Moreover, communication between these companies is not effective and business networking is seen as a short-term solution. However, professionals in the field advocate that it is vital to collect information using an information system as a shared service for actors.