KITA 2016 Abstracts


Full Papers
Paper Nr: 3
Title:

Makers in the Plant? Exploring the Impact of Knowledge IT Artifacts on DIY Practices in Manufacturing Firms

Authors:

Luca Cremona and Aurelio Ravarini

Abstract: In this study we investigate the impact of digital technologies on fabrication activities carried out by a worker leading her organizational role to be critically reshaped. We assume that the characteristics of the Makers (individual and environmental characteristics) could be applied to workers in a manufacturing plant, bringing benefits in terms of higher achievements deriving by the digitization of fabrication. We propose to interpret the digital technologies enabling digitization through the lens of the KITA construct. Two case studies have been carried out in order to explore these assumptions and providing preliminary insights of the effects of Digital DIY practices on manufacturing firms.

Paper Nr: 5
Title:

More Time for the Doing, Having Made the Thinking - 3D Printing for Knowledge Circulation in Healthcare

Authors:

Federico Cabitza, Angela Locoro, Aurelio Ravarini and Vittorio Satta

Abstract: This paper investigates the phenomenon of the Digital Do-It-Yourself (Di-DIY) in the medical domain. In particular, the main contribution of the paper is a conceptual framework based on the notion of DiDIY in healthcare. To help focus on the main actors and assets composing the 3D printing innovation roles in healthcare we model: the DiDIY-er as the main initiator of the practice innovation; the available technology allowing the envisioning of new practices; the specific activities gaining benefits from the innovative techniques introduced; and the knowledge community continuously supporting and evolving knowledge practices. A general introduction on the notion of Knowledge Artifacts (KAs) and on the use of 3D printing (3DP) in medicine will be followed by our research questions and by a more detailed analysis of diagnostic, training and surgical planning activities for clinicians and patients. Observations carried out in a hospital in Italy are reported to exemplify activities based on 3DP bone models in the radiological and orthopaedic fields. These observations can be considered a second contribution of the paper, although secondary with respect to the conceptual framework. They also help proof how knowledge sharing and circulation in the community of healthcare professionals may be improved by the introduction of tangible and intangible KAs around the practice of DiDIY. Our framework is then presented in the end.

Short Papers
Paper Nr: 1
Title:

Knowledge-Oriented Technologies & Network Marketing Direct Selling Organizations (NMDSO) - Some Preliminary Insights into the Nature and the Goals of Shared Knowledge

Authors:

Carolina Guerini and Eliana Alessandra Minelli

Abstract: The work extends the sales and organization literature by analyzing the nature and the goals of knowledge sharing within networkers’ downlines in Network Marketing Direct Selling Organizations (NMDSO). The main results of the research, based on a qualitative methodology and referred to Lyoness network in Italy, acknowledge the relevance of knowledge sharing & creation via digital technology, distinguish the nature of knowledge sharing and identify the main goals.

Paper Nr: 2
Title:

Integrating Knowledge Artifacts and Inertial Measurement Unit Sensors for Decision Support

Authors:

Stefano Pinardi, Fabio Sartori and Riccardo Melen

Abstract: Modern wearable devices provide new opportunities for the development of knowledge artifacts and decision support systems. In this paper we present a recent development of KAFKA, a knowledge engineering methodology based on knowledge artifact notion, that make it able to manage real-time data detected and analyzed by means of Inertial Measurement Units sensors, mounted on Android wearables. This improvement makes KAFKA suitable to deal with many domains where real-time data are necessary, in particular the health-care and rehabilitation ones.

Paper Nr: 4
Title:

Making and Understanding - A Vision for IoT Makerspaces

Authors:

Julian Dax and Volkmar Pipek

Abstract: We present a vision for the IoT makerspace of the future. Currently, makers design their spaces with a focus on building (or making), but the core challenge they face in the IoT era is understanding. In our vision this is archived by gathering data about the IoT devices and their environment, storing that data in a central repository, consolidating it and making it easily accessible. We also describe the first steps we took towards this vision.